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无人驾驶车AI芯片的应用和厂家的角力场

发布日期:2018-04-06 作者:奥普斯少将 点击:

AI芯片是什么?

AI芯片.jpg

AIXINPIANJIUXIANGWURENCHEDEDANAO,ZAIYICHANGQINGKUANGCHUXIANSHI,WEILEBIMIANFASHENGSHIGU,XUYAOJIQICHETIGONGZUGOUDEXINXI,QIEXUYAOCHELIANGZIZHUPANDUAN,ERZHEIXUYAOXINPIANLAISHIXIAN。

ZAIZIDONGJIASHILINGYU, AI XINPIANDEYINGYONGFAZHANYIYOUXIESHIRI。

比分波胆JULEJIE,Mobileye DE EyeQ XILIEXINPIANZAI 2004 NIANJIUKAISHIYANFA,2007 NIANFABUDEDIYIDAI EyeQ1 XINPIANSHIJIAOZAOYINGYONGYUZIDONGJIASHIDE AI XINPIANZHIYI ( JINSHIXIANFUZHUJIASHIGONGNENG ) 。

比分波胆ERNvidiaZIDONGJIASHIXINPIANSHIYU2015NIANCHUTUICHUDEDrive PXXILIE。ZAI2015NIANDECESDAHUISHANG,YINGWEIDAFABULEDIYIDAIDrive PX,Drive PXKEZHICHIL2GAOJIFUZHUJIASHIJISUANXUQIU。

CONGJISHULUXIANLAIKAN,ZIDONGJIASHIXINPIANYANXULEYUQIGAODUXIANGGUANDESHENDUXUEXISUOCAIYONGDEJILEIYINGJIANJISHULUXIAN: GPU 、 FPGA 、 ASIC 。ANZHAO SAE International DEZIDONGJIASHIDENGJIBIAOZHUN,MUQIANYISHANGYONGDEZIDONGJIASHIXINPIANJIBENCHUYUGAOJIJIASHIFUZHUXITONG(ADAS) JIEDUAN,KESHIXIAN L1-L2 DENGJIDEFUZHUJIASHIHEBANZIDONGJIASHI ( BUFENXUANCHENGKESHIXIAN L3 DEGONGNENG ) ;ERMIANXIANG L4-L5 CHAOGAODUZIDONGJIASHIJIQUANZIDONGJIASHIDE AI XINPIANLIGUIMOHUASHANGYONGRENGYOUJULI。

两强之争:英伟达 VS 英特尔

MUQIAN,YINGWEIDAHEYINGTEERPINGJIEZAICHULIQIXINPIANLINGYUDEZHANGQIJILEITONGSHIPEIHECHANYEBINGGOU,YIRANXINGCHENGLELINGPAOZHISHI,ERZHEXINGCHENGLEZIDONGJIASHIXINPIANLINGYUDEDIYIJITUAN。(CANKAORUTU)

从企业到困境 无人车AI芯片大揭秘

英伟达:

YINGWEIDAZAIGPUXINPIANSHICHANGSHANGZHANYOULVGAODA70%,SHIDANGZHIWUKUIDEXINPIANLINGYUBAZHU。

比分波胆MIANDUIRIYIJUEQIDEZIDONGJIASHICHEYANFAHELIANGCHANXUQIU,YINGWEIDAJINNIANDALIBUJUZIDONGJIASHILINGYU,BINGZAI2015NIANTUICHULEZHUANMENZHENDUIZIDONGJIASHIDEJISUANPINGTAI DRIVE PX。BAOKUOAODI、WOERWO、FENGTIANDENGZAINEIDECHECHANG,YIJIBAIDUDENGKEJIGONGSIDOUJIERULEGAIPINGTAI。YINGWEIDACHENG,DANGQIANTONGGUODRIVE PXPINGTAIJINXINGZIDONGJIASHICHEKAIFADEHEZUOHUOBANYOU225JIAZUOYOU。

YINGWEIDAFAMINGDETUXINGXINPIANSHIWURENJIASHIQICHEDEGUANJIANZUCHENGBUFEN,QITUXINGJISUANJISHUBEIYONGYUUberDEDIYIPIWOERWOXC90 SUVCHEXINGJIXIANYOUDEZIDONGJIASHIQICHEHEHUOYUNKACHEZHONG。CAIYONGYINGWEIDAJISHUDEUberZIDONGCHEYIJINGLEIJIDAZAILVXINGCHENGKE5WANDUORENCI,XINGSHICHAOGUO200WANYINGLI。

QUNIAN10YUE,YINGWEIDAXUANBUTUICHUKECHULIL5JIWURENJIASHIQICHESHUJUDEXINCHANPINNVIDIA DRIVE PX PegasusXITONG,JINYIBUKUOCHONGQIZIDONGJIASHIAIJISUANPINGTAI。ZAIJINNIANMEIGUOLASIWEIJIASI2018 CESZHANSHANG,YINGWEIDAYOUXUANBUTUICHULESHOUPIXavierZIZHUJIQICHULIQI,ZHILIYUJIEZHUAICONGGEGEFANGMIANTISHENGJIASHITIYAN,BINGWEINVIDIAZAIZIDONGJIASHILINGYUDE320JIAHEZUOQIYEHEJIGOUTIGONGWEILAIJISHULUXIANTU。

JULEJIE,XavierYONGYOUCHAOGUO90YIGEJINGTIGUAN,HAOCHENGSHIQIJINWEIZHIZUIFUZADEXITONGJIXINPIAN,YANFALISHISINIAN,YANFATOURUGAODA20YIMEIYUAN。XavierCHULIQIKEYIWEIZIDONGJIASHIQICHEDERENGONGZHINENGXITONGTIGONGGENGDUODECHUANGANQIYIJICHELIANGSHUJU。ZAICESZHANSHANG,UberBIAOSHITAJIANGBAYINGWEIDADEXINPIANYUNYONGYURENGONGZHINENGJISUANXITONG。

ZAI2018 CESZHANHUIZHONG,YINGWEIDAXUANBUYUDAZHONGHEZUO,JIANGSHIYONGYINGWEIDADE Drive IXPINGTAILAIKAIFAXIAYIDAICHEXING。DAZHONGKEYIZENGJIALIANBUSHIBIEJIESUOCHELIANG,SHOUSHIKONGZHIYIJILEISIYAMAXUNAlexaDEYUYINZHUSHOUDENGGONGNENG。TAHAIBIAOSHIJIANGLIYONGGAIRUANJIANCHUANGJIANYIGE“ZHINENGFUJIASHIYUAN”LAIXIEZHUSIJI。CIWAI,YINGWEIDABIAOSHIJIANGYUAODIGONGTUIJIYUYINGWEIDAAIJIASHIXITONGDEZIDONGJIASHICHEXING,JIHUAYU2020NIANQIANSHANGLU。

比分波胆GUONEIDECHUCHUANGWURENCHEQIYEZHONG,YINGWEIDACANYULEJINGCHIKEJIDE5200WANMEIYUANPre-ALUNTOUZI,YIJITOUZILETUSENWEILAI。

英特尔:

ZAIXINPIANDAZHANZHONG,YINGTEERWEILEDUIKANGYINGWEIDADETIAOZHAN,YEZAIJIAJINBUJU,SHOUGOUXIANGGUANLINGYUDEGONGSIKAIFAXINPIAN,YIJIYUYIXIEQICHECHANGSHANGJIANYIHEZUO。

YINGTEERSHOUGOULEMobileye,MobileyeCENGZAI2015NIANFABUYIKUANQICHEADASXINPIANEyeQ4,QINENGGOUWEILevel 3JIBIEDEZIDONGJIASHITIGONGZUGOUSUANLI。2016NIANGAIGONGSIFABULEDISIDAIXITONGXINPIANEyeQ4,GAIXINPIANCAIYONGLE14GEJISUANHEXIN,DAFUTISHENGLESHIJUECHULIHESHUJUJIEDUDEXINGNENG。

LINGWAI,DIWUDAIXITONGXINPIANEyeQ5YEJIANGYUJINNIANCHUGONGCHENGYANGPIN,BINGZAI2020NIANSHIXIANLIANGCHAN,CAIYONG7nmGONGYI。EyeQ5DEMUBIAOSHIZHICHIL4/5JIBIEDEQUANZIDONGJIASHI。JUJIESHAO,EyeQ5JIANGTIGONGMEIWATE2.4 DL TOPS(WANYICI/MEIMIAO)DEXIAONENG——ZHEIYISHUZIBINVIDIAGONGKAIXUANCHENGDEXavierXIAONENGYAOGAO2.4BEI。EyeQ5JIANGSHIMobileyeDEDIWUDAIXITONGXINPIAN,ZHIZAIWEIQUANMIANZIDONGJIASHI(L4/5)QICHETIGONGYISHIJUEWEIHEXINDEJISUANJICHUANGANQIRONGHE。

比分波胆MobileyeDESHIJUECHULIQIXITONGJIXINPIANEyeQXILIECHANPINSHIYONGLEGONGSIKAIFADEDUTESUANFA,GAIXINPIANZAIWOERWO、TONGYONG、BAOMA、XIANDAI、DENGSHENGCHANDEBUFENCHEXINGZHONGDOUYOUSHIYONG。MUQIANMobileyeDECHANPINXIAOSHOUJILEQUANQIUDUOJIAQICHEZHIZAOSHANG,BAOKUOBAOMA、FUTE、TONGYONG、RICHAN、WOERWODENG。

GUANYUYUwaymoDEHEZUO,YINGTEERCEOKEZAIQIBIAOSHI“SUIZHE Waymo WURENJIASHIJISHUBIANDEYUELAIYUEZHINENG,GONGNENGYUELAIYUEQIANG,QIGAOXINGNENGYINGJIANHERUANJIANJIANGXUYAOGENGWEIQIANGDAHEGAOXIAODEJISUAN。TONGGUOYU Waymo DEMIQIEHEZUO,YINGTEERKEYIWEI Waymo DEYIXILIEQICHETIGONGL4HEL5ZIDONGJIASHISUOXUDEGAOJICHULINENGLI。”

Waymo GAIZHUANGDE Pacifica CESHICHEDAZAILEFUZEJISUANDEYINGTEERZHIQIANGCHULIQI,FUZETUXIANGFENXIDE Arria XITONGXINPIAN(FPGAs)、QIANZHAOYITAIWANGHE XMM DIAOZHIJIEDIAOQIDENGTONGXUNHULIANJIEJUEFANGAN。

比分波胆CHULEYUWaymoHEZUOYIWAI,YINGTEERMUQIANHAIYUBAOMA、FEIYATEKELAISILE、DEERFU、DALUJITUANDENGDACHENGLEHEZUO,DANGSHIJUEDINGZAI2017NIANDIZUZHI100LIANGGAODUZIDONGJIASHIDEQICHEJINXINGLUMIANCESHI。ZAI2018 CESSHANG,DIPINGXIANYUYINGTEERLIANHEZHANSHILEMIANXIANGL3/L4DEZIDONGJIASHIJIEJUEFANGAN。

AI芯片新势力

2017年12月,特斯拉CEO埃隆-马斯克在NIPS大会宣布,特斯拉正在制造AI芯片,将主要用于完成无人驾驶时的运算操作。此外,无人车AI芯片领域还涌入了一些年轻玩家,如地平线、NovuMind(中文名异构智能)、寒武纪和眼擎科技等。

特斯拉:

2016NIAN7YUE,MobileyeXUANBUYUTESILAZHONGZHIHEZUOGUANXI,2017NIAN12YUETESILAAutopilotFUZERENJim KellerZAISHENJINGXINXICHULIXITONGDAHUISHANGBIAOSHI,TESILAFEICHANGZHONGSHIAI,WULUNRUANJIANHAISHIYINGJIANCENGMIAN。TESILAZHENGZAIKAIFADINGZHIDEAIXINPIANYINGJIAN。

比分波胆JUXI,TESILAZHEIGEAIXINPIANBINGFEIWANQUANDULIKAIFA,ERSHIGOUJIANZAIMEIGUOAMDBANDAOTIGONGSIDEZHISHICHANQUANJICHUSHANG,QIDAIGONGFANGGELUOFANGDEYESHIYIJIACONGAMDCHAIFENCHULAIDEJINGYUANCHANG。

地平线:

2017NIAN12 YUE ,DIPINGXIANFABULELIANGKUANQIANRUSHIRENGONGZHINENGSHIJUECHULIQI。QIZHONGYIKUANZHENGCHENGXILIEQIANRUSHIAIXINPIANMIANXIANGZIDONGJIASHI,JUBEITONGSHIDUIXINGREN、CHELIANG、JIAOTONGBIAOZHIPAIDENGDUOLEIMUBIAOJINXINGJIANCEYUSHIBIECHULIDENENGLI。MUQIAN,DIPINGXIANZHENGZAIYUAODI、ZHONGQINGZHANGANHELINGBUJIANCHANGSHANGRobert BoschHEZUO。

NovuMind:

比分波胆XIANGJIAOYUYINGWEIDADEHUITUCHULIQI (GPU),NovuMind ZHUANZHUYUKAIFAGENGYOUXIAOJINXINGTUILIDESHENDUXUEXIJIASUQIXINPIAN。NovuMind KAIFADE AI XINPIANZHILIYURANGXIAOXINGDEBENDIZHONGDUANSHEBEIJUYOUSHIBIEHESIKAODENENGLI。YOUYU NovuMind DE AI XINPIANJUYOUGAODAMEIMIAO 15 WANYICICAOZUODENENGLI,KEYIYUNYONGZAIWURENCHELINGYU。

寒武纪:

比分波胆2017NIAN11 YUE 6 RI,QUANQIU AI XINPIANLINGYUDEDIYIJIADUJIAOSHOUCHUANGYEGONGSIHANWUJIZHAOKAILEFABUHUI,HUISHANGJIESHAOLEQIKAIFADEMIANXIANGZHINENGJIASHILINGYUDE 1M。JUHANWUJIKEJICHUANGSHIRENJIANCEOCHENTIANSHIZAIDAHUISHANGJIESHAO,ZHEIKUANCHANPINMUQIANZHENGZAIGUIHUADANGZHONG,TADEXINGNENGJIANGDADAOHANWUJI1ADE10BEIYISHANG,GAODUJICHENG,JUYOUGENGGAODEXINGNENGGONGHAOBI。MUBIAOSHIRANGZHONGGUODEQICHEQUANBUDOUYONGSHANGGUOCHANZHINENGCHULIQI。

眼擎科技:

JINNIAN3YUE,YANQINGKEJICEOZHUJIZHIJIURENGONGZHINENGZUIDAYINGYONGFANGXIANG——JIQISHIJUEZAIQIANDUANCHENGXIANGSHANGDETONGDIAN,FENXIANGLEYANQINGKEJIDEJIEJUEFANGAN,BINGFENXILEQIZAIZIDONGJIASHILINGYUDEYINGYONG。YANQINGKEJILITUYONGXINPIAN+SUANFADEFANGSHITIGAOJIQISHIJUEQIANDUANDECHENGXIANGNENGLI,RANGAIYOUGENGGAOZHILIANGDETUXIANGSHUJUKEYONG,RANGXINPIANGENGHAODEYUNYONGYUGONGYEWURENCHEDENGFANGXIANG。

YOUCIKEJIAN,WURENCHELINGYUAIXINPIANDEJINGZHENGSHIFENJILIE,ERWEITUIDONGXINPIANCHANYEDEFAZHAN,WOGUOZHENGFUYECHUTAILEYIXIEZHENGCE。JUPENGBOSHEBAODAOCHENG,ZHONGGUOZHENGFUYIJINGSHELIXIANGYINGJIJIN,LAITOUZIBENTUXINPIANCHANGSHANG。ZHENGFUYUJI,DAO2020NIAN,ZHONGGUODEZHENGCHEHEXINPIAN、CHUANGANQIDENGLINGBUJIANCHANZHIJIANGCHAOGUO1000YIYUAN。

无人车AI芯片面临的困境

AIXINPIANCHENGWEILEWURENCHELINGYUDEYIGEZHONGYAOZHANCHANG,GELUWANJIADOUXIANGDAZAOZIJIDEAIXINPIAN,ZAIYANFAWURENCHEAIXINPIANSHI,TAMENZHUYAOMIANLINGPUHAONENGGAOCHENGBENGAO、KAIFACHENGBENGAOQIEHUIBAOZHOUQIZHANG、AIXINPIANDEZHOUBIANNENGLISHANGQIEBUZUDENGWENTI,QIEKAIFACHUDEAIXINPIANJINRUQICHESHICHANGBIXUTONGGUOYANGEDECHEGUI,ZHEIXIENANTIZUAIZHEGEDACHANGSHANGDEFAZHANJINCHENG。

1、GPUHAONENGGAOCHENGBENGAO

MUQIANZHULIUDEZIDONGJIASHIXINPIANJIEJUEFANGANZHUYAOBAOKUOGPU、FPGA、DSPHEASICSIZHONG。GPUSUIRANJUYOUQIANGDADEJISUANNENGLI,DANSHIHAONENGGAO、CHENGBENGAOYIJITIJIPANGDA,WUFAMANZUQIANRUSHIDEYAOQIU。

YIGPUQIJIADEYINGWEIDA,XIANGBICHUCHUANGGONGSISUIRANZHANJUYIDINGYOUSHI,DANSHIZAIRENGONGZHINENGJISHUFAZHANDEDAOLUSHANGYEMIANLINJUDATIAOZHAN。GPUYIDANJINRULIANGCHANJIEDUAN,KAOLVDAOXINGNENG、GONGHAOYIJICHANPINDEJISHUJINGZHENGBILEI,KENENGBUTAIHESHI。

CHUCHUANGGONGSIDIPINGXIANGONGSIWEILEJIEJUEZHEIYIWENTI,YIKAISHIDAJIANZIDONGJIASHIPINGTAIDESHIHOUJIUYUYINGTEERHEZUO,CAIYONGLEYINGTEERDEFPGALAIZUOWEIHEXINJISUANDANYUAN,MANZULEZIDONGJIASHIDUIJISUANXINGNENG、YANSHIHEGONGHAODEYAOQIU。

2、AIXINPIANXUTONGGUOCHEGUIHEJIANCE

AIXINPIANYAOJINRUQICHESHICHANGBIXUTONGGUOCHEGUI,YAOJINGGUOYANGEDEJIANCE,NENGGOUKANGDIANCIGANRAO、KANGZHENDONGHESHIYINGJIDADEGONGZUOWENCHADENG,ZHEIDUIAIXINPIANSHENGCHANSHANGLAISHUOSHIYIDATIAOZHAN。

比分波胆3、KAIFACHENGBENGAOQIEHUIBAOZHOUQIZHANG

比分波胆XINPIANYANFADONGZHE3、5NIANDEZHANGZHOUQIJIASHANGMANZHANGDECHEXINGYANFA,SHIDEYIKUANAIXINPIANCONGKAIFADAOZUIZHONGYINGYONGDESHIJIANHUIWUBIMANZHANG


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